BRAINTREE Anthropology Class Notes by G.S KARTHIC
Meaning, Scope, and development of Anthropology.Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioral Sciences, Life Sciences, Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance, and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences, and Humanities.Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing the production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution, and market), in communities, subsisting on huntingand gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant Societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism andtotemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico-religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer, and witch. Anthropology Class Notes, Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defense and other equipment, Forensic Anthropology, Methods, and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human,genetics
ANTHROPOLOGY UPSC Optional Syllabus in Short
Main branches of Anthropology, their scope, and relevance :
(a) Social-cultural Anthropology.
(b) Biological Anthropology.
(c) Archaeological Anthropology.
(d) Linguistic Anthropology.
Human Evolution and the emergence of Man: Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre-Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian, Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionarybiology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive
radiation, and mosaic evolution). Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; PrimateAdaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiaryand Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man andApes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.
Phylogenetic status, characteristics, and geographical distribution of the following :
Polio-Pleistocene hominids inSouth and East Africa—Australopithecines.Homo erectus : Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus (heidelbergensis), Asia
(Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis. Neanderthal man—La-chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive
type).Rhodesian man.Homo saoiens—Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.The biological basis of Life : The Cell, DNA structure and replication, Protein Synthesis,
Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.Anthropology Class Notes
- The Nature of Culture.
- The Nature of Society.
- Economic Organization.
- Political Organization and Social Control.
- Anthropological theories
- Culture, Language and Communication
- Research methods in Anthropology.
- Human Genetics.
- Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker.
- Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology.
- Epidemiological Anthropology
- Concept of human growth and Development
- Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization.
- Ethno-archaeology in India.
- Demographic profile of India.
- Caste system in India.
- Indian Village.
- The tribal situation in India.
- Problems of the tribal Communities.
Cover Notes Topics
- Meaning, Scope & development of anthropology
- Nature of culture and society
- Economic organization
- Political, organization and social control
- Anthropological theories
- Human Evolution and the emergence of man:
- Biological & Cultural Factors in Human Evolution
- Characteristics of Primates
- Phylogenetic Status, Characteristics, and Distribution of human fossil ancestors
- The Biological basis of life
- Human genetics-methods and applications
- Evolution of Indian Culture :
- Prehistoric- Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic
- Paleoanthropological Evidences from India with special, reference to siwaliks and narmada basin
- Ethno- archaeology in India
- Demographic profile of India
- Structure and nature of traditional Indian social system
- Caste System in India
- sacred complex and nature man spirit complex
Total Number of page This Booklet – 884
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